BC Security Guard Training and Licencing Requirements

BC security guard trainingIntroduction:

The demand for security guards in BC is expected to grow, according to Work BC. Now is the time to secure your place in this growing industry. We’ve created this comprehensive guide about BC security guard training to help simplify the process for you.

The Ministry of Justice defines security guard as one who, “provides or supervises a guard patrol or watch of property; and/or provides door security at an establishment licensed under the Liquor Control and Licensing Act. Security Guards can also respond and monitor alarms installed on the property of another person.”

The definition encompasses in-house security guards employed by a business that does not hold a security license, including hospitals, retail stores and universities, loss prevention workers, bodyguards and doorpersons.

There are several steps in the BC security guard training and licensing process and the associated forms and requirements must be accurate and complete prior to submitting an application either through mail or online. All forms discussed are available on the Ministry of Justice site.

Security Guard BC Pre-Licensing Requirements

Fingerprints

New applicants must undergo security guard fingerprinting at a local police department, RCMP detachment or an approved fingerprinting agency. When fulfilling this requirement for your BC security worker license, use the form titled Request for Fingerprinting Under the Security Service Act (#SPD0507). Complete page one of the form and take both pages to the fingerprinting agency. The “Confirmation of Fingerprinting” section will be completed and given to you. Mail this along with your application. The top half of the form must be sent directly to the Registrar with your fingerprints from the agency.

Criminal Record Check

When applying for a BC security worker license, you must also provide the Registrar with an authorization to conduct a criminal record check; a police information check and a correctional service information check when you submit an application form. The Registrar’s office will run record checks upon first applying and at anytime while your license is current.

Mental Health Condition Report From Your Physician

If you have ever been treated or are currently being treated for a mental health condition, your doctor must complete and sign the Mental Health Condition Form (#SPD0511). Your doctor will need to provide certain information. You must then submit the form with your application for your BC security worker license.

Police Officer/Peace Officer Status

To become a security worker in BC you cannot be a member of a police force. However, you may be considered if you are a volunteer auxiliary or reserve constable, a sheriff, a corrections officer, a court-appointed bailiff, or a special provincial constable or special municipal constable. If you fall into one of the categories, a letter from your superior disclosing what access you have to any justice, court or police information systems and a statement that you are aware you cannot use information from these systems in your work as a security guard must be submitted with the application.

English Fluency

Security guard licenses are contingent upon the fact you are sufficiently fluent in the English language to speak with the public and carry out your duties. If English fluency is brought into question, the Registrar can ask an applicant to submit a copy of the results of an English language proficiency assessment.

Citizenship/Canadian Residency

One of the BC security guard requirements is that you are ordinarily a resident in Canada as shown by your citizenship, residence status and other factors. Documentation must be submitted. Those born in Canada or who have obtained Canadian citizenship must submit a copy of their birth certificate, current Canadian passport or Canadian Citizenship Card.

If not born in Canada, you must submit a copy of one of the following documents:

Record of Landing Document (IMM1000)

Confirmation of Permanent Resident Document (IMM5292)

Canadian Permanent Resident Card

Citizenship Certificate Card

Current work or study permit

Working visa with your valid passport

Photo Identification

When submitting your BC security guard license application, attach a copy of one of the current, valid forms of photo identification (cannot be expired):

Driver's License

Passport

BCID

Canadian Permanent Resident Card

Canadian Native Status Card (if it has a photo)

Canadian Firearms License

BC Services Card (if it has a photo)

Age

To become a security worker in BC, you must be at least 19 years of age.

Photo Specifications

Submit a photo of yourself to be placed on your license. It is required the photo be:

Taken within the last 12 months

Facing front, eyes open and looking at camera

If wearing prescription eyeglasses, they cannot be tinted and there can be no shadows, glares or rims obscuring your eyes

65% – 75% of the photo should be covered with your face

Clear, focused and not too dark or too light

Can be in black and white or color

Use of Dogs

If your security job will require the use of dogs, you have to request authorization to use dogs from the Registrar, Security Services Act. You must submit a validation certificate to the Registrar from the Justice Institute of British Columbia that proves both you and the dog are properly trained. You must re-qualify each year or every six months if it is a dual-purpose dog.

Use of Restraints

To use handcuffs you have to request authorization from the Registrar, Security Services. Applicants must complete the Advanced Security Training (AST) course offered by the Justice Institute of BC or have equivalent training. This must be taken within one year of applying and you must re-qualify every three years.

Proof of Education, Training and Experience

You must submit documentation that you have successfully completed the mandatory BC security guard training (Basic Security Training must be completed through an approved training school), meet the education and experience requirements necessary to receive a license. If your training was conducted outside of the province, or you have done security guard work outside of the province, there is a process to challenge an exam or to demonstrate skills. The Justice Institute of BC can review previous training and experience. New applicants can seek a license after completing the Basic Security Training. Note: If your training was under the past program, BST Level 1 and 2 certificates are accepted as proof of training.

BC Security Guard Training Course

Security Professionals working in the province of British Columbia are required to complete mandatory training prior to being eligible for provincial licensing.  You must be 19 years of age before you can apply for your Basic Security Training License.

Mandatory BST training is 40 hours in length, and focuses on the following content:

  • Professionalism & Ethics
  • Legal Studies
  • Report Writing
  • Personal Safety

Approved Security Training Schools are required to follow the training standards for the security industry as outlined in the Security Services Act. Approved Security Training Schools are listed further down this page.

Basic Security Guard Training Course Outline

Introduction to the Course

  • Express expectations of the course.
  • State the course goal.
  • List the course objectives.

Introduction to Private Security

  • Define “professional” and explain the standards of professional conduct for security professionals (SPs).
  • Define “ethics” and explain its importance in the security profession.
  • Give examples of ethical and unethical behaviour on the part of SPs.
  • Define “customer service” and explain its importance in the security profession.
  • Describe the difference between private security and the police.
  • List the types of jobs that SPs could do.
  • List the basic duties of SPs.
  • List the types of incidents to which SPs might have to respond.
  • Explain the basic steps in responding to incidents.
  • Explain the guidelines for incident scene protection.
  • Describe the role of emergency services and regulatory agencies.
  • Explain the authority of emergency services and regulatory agency personnel on private property.

Legal Issues

  • Define “law” and state the function of law.
  • List the federal and provincial laws that provide a legal framework for SP duties and powers.
  • Explain the purpose of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
  • Explain the SP’s responsibilities and limitations under the Charter.
  • Explain the impact of human rights legislation on the SP’s performance of his or her duties.
  • Define key terms used in reference to criminal offences.
  • Identify the essential elements of common offences.
  • Explain the provisions of the Security Services Act and Security Services
  • Regulation that have a direct impact on SPs.
  • Identify other legislation that have a direct impact on SPs.
  • Describe the SP’s powers and limitations under the law.

Documentation

  • Explain the benefits of an SP’s notebook.
  • Explain the guidelines for effective note-taking.
  • State the rules for maintaining a notebook.
  • List the parties who may access an SP’s notebook.
  • Explain how an SP’s notebook may be used in court.
  • Write effective notes about an incident.
  • Explain the purpose of a report.
  • List the instances when a report must be written.
  • Describe the characteristics of an effective report.
  • Describe the report-writing process.
  • Write an effective report.

Personal Safety

  • Define “safety.”
  • Describe the elements of a safe interview stance.
  • Describe the various relative positions that could be used in an encounter.
  • Explain the importance of continuous assessment.
  • Define “tactical communication.”
  • State the goal and benefits of tactical communication.
  • Explain how tactical communication fits in the National Use of Force Model.
  • Apply three major tactical communication strategies.
  • Describe the desired outcome of tactical communication.
  • List personal safety strategies.

On completion of the online training, students must pass a final written exam with a score of 60%. This is not available online and must be written in person. Regularly scheduled exams are held in the Lower Mainland at the JIBC New Westminster Campus. Out of town students will have an exam set up in a location near them but may have to wait up to three weeks. Your online administrator will contact you by email or phone to confirm exam details.

Approved Security Training Schools

(Updated 28 August 2019)

Security Training Programs administers mandatory security training in British Columbia on behalf of the Ministry of Justice and the Security Services Act.

Abbotsford

  • Advanced Learning Centre 604.543.7300
  • Canadian Community College  604.557.9944
  • Central Valley Academy  604.859.8860

Burnaby

  • International Career Training Institute of Canada, Inc.  604.861.8919
  • Paladin Security Group 604.677.8700

Chilliwack

  • Allegiance 1 Security Training Academy 604.701.1692
  • Griffin Investigation & Security Services Ltd 604.703.0888

Campbell River

  • Discovery Community College  250.287.9850
  • Domcor Health, Safety & Security Ltd  250.286.3163

Chetwynd

  •  Norhtern Lights College 250.782.5257

Coquitlam

  •  Xpera Risk Mitigation & Investigation 504.517.4545

Courtenay

  • Excel Career College  250.334.2452

Dawson Creek

  • Northern Lights College  250.782.5251

Fort Nelson

  •  Northern Lights College 250.782.5257

Fort St. John

  • Northern Lights College 250.782.5257

Kelowna

  • BC Corps of Commissionaires 250.979.4773
  • Canadian Safety and Medic Training 250.861.4357
  • Frank McConnell School of Karate  250.707.3034
  • Paladin Security Group 604.677.8700
  • Securiguard Advanced Training  250.763.7339

Kitimaat

  • Kitamaat Valley Education Society  250.639.9199

Nanaimo

  • Footprints Security Training Institute  250.753.6944
  • Discovery College 250.740.0115
  • Securiguard  250.756.4452
  • ABCB First Aid Training Inc. 250.753.2888

Northern BC

  • True North Community Safety Consulting 778.322.2990

New Westminster

  • Justice & Public Safety Division, Justice Institute of BC  604.528.5590 [ BST Online ]
  • Sting Executive Group International (SEGI)  1.888.713.2673

Parksville

  • Moffat Security Training Academy  250.240.1948

Prince George

  • Northern BC Guard Academy  250.596.5545

Prince Rupert

  • Employment Education Development Centre 250.624.2422
  • Hecate Strait Employment Development Society  250.624.9498

Surrey

  • Advanced Learning Centre Ltd.  604.543.7300
  • BC Corps of Commissionaires 604.495.8201
  • BCTI Brar Career Training Institute Inc  604.502.7520
  • Canuck School of Education Ltd.  604.598.2424
  • CDI College of Business, Technology and Health Care  604.585.8585
  • Discovery Community College 604.930.9908
  • Lead Institute of Learning  604.594.7600
  • London Security Training Institute of BC 604.697.8700
  • Super Study Centre 604.503.6610

Trail

  • Domcor Health, Safety & Security Ltd  250.286.3163

Vancouver

  • Genesis Security Inc.  604.669.0822
  • London Security Training Institute Ltd.  604.697.0008
  • Mahadev Security Training Institute  604.568.5250
  • Securiguard Advanced Training  604.685.6011

Victoria

  • Moffat Security Training Academy 250.240.1948
  • Securiguard Advanced Training  250.388.3118
  • Paladin Security Group 604.677.8700

Note:

As of April 12, 2016 the current security industry licenses and permits will be upgraded with new security enhanced licenses and permits that meet the current government quality standards. All current licenses and permits in the previous style will continue to be valid until their expiration date. The example below shows a comparison of the licenses issued prior to April 12, 2016 and the new security worker licenses.

Previous Security Worker License:

Front of Card

ID card example  

Back of Card

   ID card example

New Security Worker Licence:

Front of Card

ID Card

Back of Card

ID Card

Once you have completed all of the forms associated with the requirements above and have paid the associated fees, you may submit your application for a security guard license. Be sure to double-check everything or the process can be delayed.

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