How to Become a Security Guard in Alberta – The Ultimate Guide

How To Become A Security Guard in Alberta

The security industry in Alberta, Canada, is a dynamic and essential sector responsible for maintaining public safety and protecting property.

With a rising demand for individuals wanting to become a security guard in Alberta across various industries, embarking on a career as a security guard presents promising opportunities for individuals.

This guide provides a comprehensive overview of the security industry in Alberta and outlines the necessary steps to pursue a career in this field. (Check our guide on How To Become A Security Guard In Canada for information for other provinces.)

The demand for security professionals in Alberta has been on the rise due to several key factors.

Economic growth and infrastructure development, urbanization, and population growth in major cities like Calgary and Edmonton have increased the need for security services to maintain public safety and secure various industries.

Heightened awareness of security threats, diverse industry requirements, and the importance of cybersecurity have also contributed to this demand.

Furthermore, the focus on public safety, particularly during events and gatherings, emphasizes the crucial role of security personnel in maintaining order and responding to emergencies.

Understanding the Role and Responsibilities of a Security Guard in Alberta

A security guard in Alberta plays a critical role in maintaining safety and security within designated areas.

Responsibilities encompass safeguarding premises and preventing theft, vandalism, and violence through vigilant monitoring and patrols.

Routine security checks are conducted to ensure the implementation of safety measures for the protection of the establishment and its patrons.

In the retail sector, security personnel are crucial for mitigating theft, shoplifting, and fraudulent activities.

They deter potential criminals, monitor surveillance systems, and conduct regular patrols, creating a secure environment for both shoppers and employees. 

Within the corporate sector, security personnel are responsible for protecting assets, employees, and sensitive information.

A security guard in Alberta has varied responsibilities

They ensure that access to the premises is regulated, conduct security screenings, and respond to emergencies.

By safeguarding valuable assets and maintaining a secure work environment, they contribute to business continuity and foster a sense of safety among employees, ultimately enhancing productivity.

During events, security personnel are essential for crowd management, access control, and emergency response.

They assist in guiding attendees, ensuring compliance with event rules, and promptly addressing any security concerns.

Their presence offers reassurance to event-goers, promoters, and organizers, creating an environment where individuals can participate and enjoy the event without compromising safety.

Basic Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible to become a Security Guard in Alberta, individuals must meet several specific criteria, each designed to ensure that security guards are well-suited for their essential roles.

Applicants must be at least 18 years of age, emphasizing the need for maturity and legal adulthood. 

Candidates must possess legal authorization to work in Canada, adhering to immigration regulations, which underscores the importance of legal status within the country.

A clean criminal record is imperative for all applicants, serving as a fundamental requirement to establish trustworthiness and integrity.

This stringent background check helps maintain the credibility and ethical standards of the private investigation profession, as individuals entrusted with sensitive information and investigations must be of the utmost reliability.

Training and Certification

The Alberta Basic Security Training (ABST) course is a foundational training program designed to equip aspiring to become a security guard in Alberta with the essential skills and knowledge required to excel in the security industry.

The course covers a wide range of topics, including the legal and ethical aspects of security, emergency response procedures, communication techniques, and conflict resolution strategies.

The ABST course requires 40 hours of training, delivered through in-person or online sessions. The duration may vary based on the training provider. As for costs, the fees for the ABST course can range from approximately $100 to $300, depending on the training institution.

Various training providers, such as accredited security training schools, colleges, and institutions recognized by Alberta's regulatory authorities, offer the ABST course.

Prospective security guards can find the course at multiple locations across Alberta or online.

While ABST provides the fundamental knowledge needed for a security guard role, additional certifications can enhance one's employability and specialization within the security industry.

These may include:

First Aid and CPR Certification: Equips security guards to provide immediate medical assistance during emergencies, a valuable skill in ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals.

Non-Violent Crisis Intervention (NVCI): Provides techniques to manage and de-escalate potentially volatile situations effectively, enhancing conflict resolution skills.

A Detailed Guide on How to Obtain a Security Services License in Alberta

How To Guide becoming a security gaurd in Alberta

Eligibility Requirements

Before you start the licensing process, ensure you meet the eligibility criteria set by the Alberta government to become a security guard in Alberta including:

  • Being at least 18 years old
  • Having legal authorization to work in Canada
  • Having a clean criminal record (a criminal record check will be required)
  • Not having any outstanding fines or penalties related to security services or professional licensing

Complete Required Training

Complete the mandatory 40-hour Alberta Security Guard License training through an approved provider, covering topics such as security, ethics, laws, and procedures

Pass the Provincial Exam

After completing the required training, you will need to pass a provincial exam. This provincially-administered final exam requires a minimum score of 80% for qualification under the Security Services and Investigators Act.

Licensing: The Essential Step

Obtaining a security services license in Alberta involves several steps, including meeting specific eligibility criteria, completing training, passing exams, and submitting an application. 

Submit License Application

Once you have completed the required training and passed the exam, you can proceed to apply for your security services license.

Obtain an application form from the Alberta government website and complete the application form accurately and thoroughly. Ensure that you provide all required documentation and information.

Costs Associated with the Licensing Procedure

ABST Course Fee

The fee for the Alberta security license (ABST) course varies based on the training provider you choose. It's essential to contact the respective training institution for accurate and updated fee information. 

Online Exam Fee

The online exam, a crucial step in the licensing process, comes with a separate fee of $60, payable directly to the exam provider. 

Licensing Fee

The cost for the security services license is $100, and it is valid for 2 years.

Job Hunting: Finding Your First Role

Finding your first job as a security guard in Alberta

Crafting the Perfect Resume

For those pursuing a career in the security sector, crafting an effective resume tailored to the role of a security guard in Alberta is crucial.

This is especially true for individuals new to Canada or those who don't already possess a resume.

To ensure your application stands out, consider engaging professional resume services like “We Love Resumes” that can help structure your experiences and skills effectively.

Done For You Resumes

We have partnered with We Love Resumes to provide a resume-writing service for our users who need a new or updated security guard resume.

Use discount code SECURITYGUARD2023 to save 5% off your order.

Begin by highlighting any relevant experiences, even if they are from non-security roles.

Emphasize qualities like attention to detail, critical thinking, and teamwork, all of which are transferable skills essential for security positions.

Showcase certifications, training, or coursework related to security, demonstrating your commitment to the field.

Tips for Searching and Applying for Security Jobs in Alberta

Research the Company

Gain a thorough understanding of the company's values, culture, and the nature of its security operations. Tailor your responses to demonstrate how your skills and experience align with their security requirements.

Role-specific Preparation

Anticipate interview questions related to security operations, conflict resolution, and emergency response procedures. Showcase your knowledge and preparedness by providing practical examples from your previous experiences.

Professional Appearance and Demeanor

Dress professionally for the interview and maintain a confident and composed demeanour. As a security candidate, your appearance and behaviour significantly influence the employer's perception of your suitability for the role.

Communicate Soft Skills

Emphasize essential soft skills such as communication, adaptability, problem-solving, and teamwork. Security roles often require effective communication and collaboration with teams, clients and customers.

Preparing for the Interview and Understanding Employer Expectations

Preparing for an interview as a security guard in Alberta

Preparation is key when it comes to acing a security job interview.

Research the prospective employer thoroughly, understanding their values, culture, and recent developments.

Tailor your responses to align with what the organization is looking for in a security professional.

Anticipate potential interview questions and rehearse your responses, focusing on situations that demonstrate your problem-solving abilities and commitment to security protocols.

Emphasize your willingness to adapt, learn, and grow within the organization.

Lastly, dress professionally for the interview, exuding confidence and enthusiasm for the role.

Showing genuine interest in the position and a strong understanding of the security industry can significantly enhance your prospects.

Continuing Education and Growth

As a security guard in Alberta continuing education is very important

Ongoing training in the security field is of paramount importance due to the ever-evolving nature of security threats and technologies.

It ensures that security professionals stay updated with the latest advancements, equipping them to effectively utilize modern security technologies and respond to emerging threats appropriately.

Moreover, continuous training enhances their skill set, fosters preparedness for emergencies, and showcases a commitment to professionalism and legal compliance—ultimately contributing to a safer and more secure environment.

Specialization offers security professionals the chance to deepen their expertise and focus on specific domains within the vast security landscape.

For instance, specializing in cybersecurity allows professionals to specialize in safeguarding digital assets and networks, crucial in today's cyber-threat landscape.

On the other hand, specializing in personal protection involves providing security services tailored to individuals or high-profile clients, ensuring their safety through executive protection or private event security.

These specializations present unique career paths, allowing professionals to apply their skills and knowledge to areas aligned with their interests and career goals.

Pathways to Supervisory or Managerial Roles in Security

Advancing to supervisory or managerial roles within the security sector typically involves a combination of demonstrated excellence, education, and experience.

Security professionals often begin by showcasing consistent high-performance levels and leadership qualities in their current roles.

Accumulating substantial experience in various security positions further fortifies their credentials.

Pursuing advanced education or relevant certifications in security management or related fields can provide the necessary knowledge and qualifications for managerial roles.

Networking within the industry, building professional relationships, and seeking mentorship can also open doors to opportunities for career progression.

Ultimately, a proactive and strategic approach, coupled with continuous learning and a track record of effective security management, can pave the way to supervisory or managerial positions in the security field.

Legal Framework and Code of Conduct

Security professionals operate in a complex and demanding environment where adherence to legal guidelines, ethical principles, and professional conduct is paramount.

This article briefly covers the legal framework provided by Alberta's Security Services and Investigators Act, highlights the ethical considerations and professional conduct expected from security guards, and offers insights into handling challenging situations with professionalism.

Alberta's Security Services and Investigators Act

Alberta's Security Services and Investigators Act is the cornerstone of the legal framework governing security services in the province.

It sets out the regulations and requirements that a security guard in Alberta must adhere to while providing security services.

Under this act, individuals and companies involved in the security industry must be licensed, ensuring a level of competence and accountability.

The act stipulates licensing procedures, outlining the qualifications and training necessary for individuals to work as security guards or investigators.

Compliance with this act is fundamental for security professionals, as it ensures the maintenance of high standards, protecting both clients and the public.

Ethical Considerations and Professional Conduct for Security Guards

Ethics and professional conduct form the bedrock of the security profession. A security guard in Alberta is expected to uphold principles such as integrity, honesty, and respect while carrying out their duties.

Adhering to a strong ethical code ensures that security professionals act in the best interests of their clients and the community at large.

Professional conduct entails maintaining confidentiality, respecting individual rights, and using appropriate force only when necessary.

A security guard in Alberta is also expected to keep accurate records of incidents and communicate effectively with both their team and law enforcement agencies.

This ethical framework fosters trust and confidence in the security industry and helps in the effective delivery of security services.

Handling Challenging Situations with Professionalism

As a security guard in Alberta, you will often find yourself in challenging situations that require a composed and professional approach.

These scenarios may involve managing conflicts, addressing emergencies, or dealing with unruly behaviour, necessitating a high level of skill and tact. In such moments, effective communication becomes paramount, serving as a vital tool to diffuse tense situations.

Clear and respectful communication can help pacify individuals, provide necessary information, and encourage cooperation, ultimately contributing to a smoother resolution of the situation.

Moreover, conflict resolution skills are an essential asset for anyone acting as a security guard in Alberta.

Training in conflict resolution equips them with strategies to peacefully resolve disputes or conflicts that may arise during their duties.

Developing mediation and negotiation skills enables them to find mutually agreeable solutions, effectively defusing challenging situations and ensuring a safer environment for all involved parties.

In high-stress scenarios, maintaining calmness and composure is crucial. Security professionals serve as role models in such situations, and by displaying a calm demeanour, they set an example for others to remain composed and cooperative.

This not only helps in managing the situation effectively but also fosters a sense of reassurance and confidence among those present.


Embarking on a career as a security guard in Alberta offers a chance to enhance public safety amid increasing demand.

Recognizing the role's significance and understanding sector-specific responsibilities is fundamental.

Meeting eligibility criteria, including legal age, work authorization, and a clean criminal record, underscores professionalism.

Investing in the right training, notably the Alberta Basic Security Training (ABST) course, equips aspirants with crucial skills.

Further certifications in First Aid, CPR, or specializations like retail loss prevention enhance employability and expertise.

Obtaining the requisite license is a pivotal step, demanding dedication and commitment.

Commit to Safety: Your Action Shapes a Secure Future!

If you found this guide insightful and valuable, we encourage you to share it with others interested in becoming a security guard in Alberta.

Sharing knowledge empowers individuals to make informed decisions about their careers and fosters a stronger, more skilled security workforce.

We also invite you to engage with us by sharing your experiences, insights, or questions about the security guard journey in Alberta.

Your contributions can further enrich the understanding of the security industry and inspire others on their path to becoming dedicated security professionals.

Together, we can build a safer and more secure future for our communities.

Last Updated on Jul 5, 2024

Similar Posts